Collaboration has always been a key part of the Network, as it was at its inception: the original Network was the result of cooperation between several ACH Associations looking to establish uniform operating rules and standards. While the Network has evolved substantially over the last 40 years, the goal of providing a secure means of transferring payments has remained firmly in place.
NACHA and the ACH Network are at the center of American commerce, moving more than $40 trillion each year. That’s made up of almost 23 billion electronic financial transactions, including Direct Deposit via ACH, Social Security and government benefits, electronic bill payments such as utility and mortgage payments, and person-to-person (P2P) and business-to-business (B2B) payments. The ACH Network supports more than 20 percent of all electronic payments in the U.S.
2015 Quarterly Network Statistics
See additional statistics documents in the Related Materials in the lower right side bar.
In 1974, ACH Associations from California, Georgia, New England and the Upper Midwest region formed NACHA within the American Bankers Association. Following that, the initial ACH rules were approved, which made Prearranged Payment and Deposit or Direct Deposit, the first ACH transaction type, effective. By 1978, it was possible for two financial institutions located anywhere in the U.S. to exchange ACH payments under a common set of rules and procedures.
With the launch of The Payments Institute in 1987 and the establishment of the Accredited ACH Professional program in 1993, NACHA expanded the Network’s accessibility. The 1990s also saw the birth of critical groups such as the Cross-Border Council and the Internet Council, which today have evolved into the all-inclusive Payments Innovation Alliance.
In 2001, NACHA’s reorganization allowed federally-insured depository financial institutions to become Direct Members; at the same time, internet- and telephone-initiated payments became effective. NACHA expanded payments possibilities further in 2009 when it began allowing for International ACH Transactions. As the Network has grown, we’ve seen payments expand from just over one billion annually in 1988 to 22 billion in 2013.
The 2013-2015 strategic plan for the ACH Network, approved by the Board of Directors in 2012, gives NACHA and the Network the ability to continue evolving to meet the needs of each institution involved in the payments industry.
For 40 years, NACHA – The Electronic Payments Association has served as the trustee of the ACH Network, managing the development, administration and rules for the financial network that moves more than 20 percent of all electronic payments each year. Through its collaborative, self-regulatory model, NACHA, and the more than 10,000 financial institutions it represents, have facilitated the expansion and diversification of electronic payments on the ACH Network, supporting Direct Deposit and Direct Payment via ACH transactions, including ACH credit and debit transactions; recurring and one-time payments; government, consumer and business-to-business transactions; international payments; and payments plus payment-related information.
Through NACHA’s expertise and guidance, the ACH Network is now one of the largest, safest and most reliable payment systems, creating value and enabling innovation for all participants.
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